Total area of forests and forest land in Croatia amounts to 2, 688. 687 ha which is 47% of its total land area. Out of that, 2, 106. 917 ha is state-owned, whereas 581 770 ha are privately owned. Vast majority of state-owned forests is managed by Hrvatske šume (2, 018.987ha).
Except according to the ownership, forests are classified according to their purpose as well. The Forest Act states that according to their purpose, forests can be commercial, protective and those with a special purpose.
COMMERCIAL – used for the production of forest products, next to the preservation and improvement of their welfare functions
PROTECTIVE – serve for the protection of soil, waters, settlements etc. and
FORESTS WITH SPECIAL PURPOSE – protected nature areas (reserves, national parks, nature parks, nature monuments, important landscapes, park forests)
– forests and parts of forests registered for production of forest seed (seed stands)
– forests for scientific research
– forests for defense of the state