Romania is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Republic of Moldova and lies between latitudes 43° and 49° N, and longitudes 20° and 30° E. It has an area of 238 397 square kilometers (92 046 sq mi) and a temperate-continental climate. With almost 20 million inhabitants, the country is the seventh most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth-largest city in the EU, with 1 883 425 inhabitants as of 2011.
The terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountains (Southern Carpathians Mountains), hills, plains, rivers (Danube River), sea (Black Sea), Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve. The River Danube, Europe’s second-longest river, rises in Germany and flows in a general southeast direction for 2 857 km (1775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania’s Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu, at 2 544 m (8 346 ft).